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Jacob M. Campbell Papers

Collection Number: A&M 1109

Scope and Contents

Military orders, telegrams, military correspondence concerning Campbell's command, lists of Confederate deserters, ordnance and quartermaster returns, additional military records, and a personal diary of Colonel Campbell, commander of the Fifty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers which operated along the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Cumberland, Maryland, and Martinsburg, West Virginia. Subjects include civilian-military relations; guerrilla activities of John D. Imboden, the Ringgold Raiders, and the McNeill's Rangers; treatment of Confederate sympathizers; fighting in the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1864; and military operations in the Eastern panhandle of West Virginia.


  • Creation: 1861-1888
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1861-1865


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

No special access restriction applies.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. For more information, please see the Permissions and Copyright page on the West Virginia and Regional History Center website.

Biographical / Historical

Colonel Jacob M. Campbell was the commander of the 54th Pennsylvania Volunteers assigned the task of guarding a 56 mile stretch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O Railroad) between Martinsburg and Cumberland. The area was infested with southern sympathizers, and guerrilla activity was rife. Campbell was charged with protecting loyal citizens, and bringing bushwackers to bay. Campbell served under General B.F. Kelly and later Generals Sigel, Hunter, and Crooks. His command, later including the 4th Brigade of the 1st Division, Army of West Virginia, saw minor action along the B&O and participated in the march down the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1864. Campbell was mustered out of service in late August, 1864.


1.7 Linear Feet (Summary: 1 ft. 8 in. (4 document cases, 5 in. each))

Physical Location

West Virginia and Regional History Center / West Virginia University / 1549 University Avenue / P.O. Box 6069 / Morgantown, WV 26506-6069 / Phone: 304-293-3536 / Fax: 304-293-3981 / URL:

Related A&M Collections

1109, 1267

Jacob M. Campbell Papers, 1796-1888
Staff of the West Virginia & Regional History Center
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Repository Details

Part of the West Virginia and Regional History Center Repository

1549 University Ave.
P.O. Box 6069
Morgantown WV 26506-6069 US