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U.S. 1st-6th Volunteer Infantry (Ex-Confederates), Civil War Service Records

Collection Number: A&M.3057


The compiled service records of Confederate prisoners of war who were released from prison camps upon signing a loyalty oath and volunteering for service in the Union Army. The ex-Confederates who comprised the First through Sixth U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiments were recruited at first from the prison camp at Pt. Lookout, Maryland but later also from Rock Island, Alton, Camp Douglas, and Camp Morton in Illinois, and from Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio. Although initially serving near combat theaters of the Civil War, it was deemed that these popularly nicknamed "Galvanized Yankees" should not have to face fighting their former comrades in arms. Consequently, they were transferred early on to the northwestern frontier where they served as escorts and guards for settlers from the native inhabitants (Plains Indians). The records are arranged by regiment number and thereunder alphabetically by soldier's surname. The records contained therein relate solely to a particular soldier and are of two general types. The first kind consists of card index abstracts of entries on rolls or in books such as muster rolls, hospital rolls, or descriptive books. The second type consists of copies of original personal papers such as medical reports, enlistment papers and orders. Reel 65 consists of personal papers of soldiers with insufficient proof of service to justify a regular compiled record, those rejected for service for various reasons, and those attached to one of the regiments such as physicians or chaplains.


  • 1864-1866


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Conditions Governing Access

No special access restriction applies.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. For more information, please contact the West Virginia and Regional History Center.


0 Linear Feet (Summary: 86 reels of microfilm)

Physical Location

West Virginia and Regional History Center / West Virginia University / 1549 University Avenue / P.O. Box 6069 / Morgantown, WV 26506-6069 / Phone: 304-293-3536 / Fax: 304-293-3981 / URL:
U.S. 1st-6th Volunteer Infantry (Ex-Confederates), Civil War Service Records, 1864-1866
Staff of the West Virginia & Regional History Center
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Repository Details

Part of the West Virginia and Regional History Center Repository

1549 University Ave.
P.O. Box 6069
Morgantown WV 26506-6069 US