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Johnson Newlon Camden (1828-1908) Papers

 Collection
Collection Number: A&M.0007

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, maps, business records and other papers of a U.S. Senator, Democratic politician, and promoter of the oil industry, railroads, and coal and timber resources of West Virginia.

The papers regard Camden's purchase of land in the 1850s; his activities in oil production and refining, 1860-1875; his presidency of the Camden Consolidated Oil Company and the Baltimore United Oil Company; the affairs of the Stewart Brick Company of Parkersburg; the Virginia debt controversy; and his development of railroads, including the Ohio River Railroad, the West Virginia and Pittsburgh Railroad, and Monongahela River Railroad, 1879-1892.

Correspondents include John D. Alderson, Jonathan M. Bennett, Gideon D. Camden, John S. Carlile, William E. Chilton, John J. Cornwell, Grover Cleveland, Henry G. Davis, Stephen B. Elkins, Charles J. Faulkner, Jr., A.B. Fleming, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, John W. Garrett, Nathan Goff, Arthur I. Boreman, C.W. Harkness, E.S. Harkness, N.W. Harkness, Abram S. Hewitt, C.P. Huntington, John E. Kenna, James M. Mason II, John T. McGraw, John D. Rockefeller, William Rockefeller, H.H. Rogers, William P. Thompson, Clarence W. Watson, William C. Whitney, William L. Wilson, and Henry A. Wise.

Contents List:

Box 1; General Correspondence; 1840 - 1884/04

Box 2; General Correspondence; 1884/05 - 1885/10

Box 3; General Correspondence; 1885/11 - 1886

Box 4; General Correspondence; 1887/ - 1888/05

Box 5; General Correspondence; 1888/06 - 1889/07

Box 6; General Correspondence; 1889/08 - 1890/12

Box 7; General Correspondence; 1890/07 - 1890/12

Box 8; General Correspondence; 1891/01 - 1891/10/15

Box 9; General Correspondence; 1891/10/17 - 1892/10/20

Box 10; General Correspondence; 1892/10/21 - 1893/04

Box 11; General Correspondence; 1893/05 - 1894/07

Box 12; General Correspondence; 1894/08 - 1895/09

Box 13; General Correspondence; 1895/10 - 1897

Box 14; General Correspondence; 1898 - 1899/06

Box 15; General Correspondence; 1899/07 - 1900/02

Box 16; General Correspondence; 1900/03 - 1900/11

Box 17; General Correspondence; 1900/12 - 1901/06

Box 18; General Correspondence; 1901/07 - 1901/12

Box 19; General Correspondence; 1902/01 - 1902/09

Box 20; General Correspondence; 1902/10 - 1903/04

Box 21; General Correspondence; 1903/05 - 1903/09

Box 22; General Correspondence; 1903/10 - 1904/05

Box 23; General Correspondence; 1904/06 - 1905/02

Box 24; General Correspondence; 1905/03 - 1905/09

Box 25; General Correspondence; 1905/10 - 1906/04

Box 26; General Correspondence; 1906/05 - 1906/11

Box 27; General Correspondence; 1906/12 - 1907/11

Box 28; General Correspondence; 1907/12 - 1908/08, undated

Box 29; Political Applications: A-N; 1883 - 1885

Box 30; Political Applications: O-Z, A-R; 1883 - 1885, 1886 - 1889

Box 31; Political Applications: S-Z; 1886 - 1889

Box 31; Political Applications: A-Z; 1890 - 1892

Box 31; Political Applications: A-L; 1893

Box 32; Political Applications: M-Z, A-P; 1893, 1894

Box 33; Political Applications: R-Z; 1894

Box 33; Political Applications; 1895 - 1902

Box 33; Political Applications; undated

Box 33; Miscellaneous; undated

Box 33; Politics; 1888/03/04 - 1908/03/04

Box 34; Politics: A-R; 1883 - 1886

Box 35; Politics: S-Z; 1883 - 1886

Box 35; Politics: A-Z (contains Kenna letter, 1888); 1887 - 1890

Box 35; Politics: A-E; 1891 - 1893

Box 36; Politics: F-Z; 1891 - 1892

Box 36; Politics; 1893

Box 36; Politics: A-B; 1894

Box 37; Politics: C-N; 1894

Box 38; Politics: O-Z; 1894

Box 38; Politics; 1895 - 1902

Box 39; Railroads; 1883 - 1888

Box 40; Railroads; 1886 - 1901

Box 41; Railroads; 1879/08/19 - 1906/11/12

Box 42; Railroads; 1889

Box 42; Railroads: A-K; 1890

Box 43; Railroads: L-Z; 1890

Box 43; Railroads; 1891

Box 44; Railroads: A-L; 1892

Box 45; Railroads: M-Z; 1892

Box 45; Railroads: A-L; 1893

Box 46; Railroads: M-Z; 1893

Box 46; Railroads; 1894

Box 46; Railroads: A-J; 1895

Box 47; Railroads: K-Z; 1895

Box 47; Railroads; 1896 - 1897

Box 48; Railroads; 1898

Box 48; Railroads: A-M; 1899

Box 49; Railroads: N-Z; 1899

Box 49; Railroads; 1900 - 1902

Box 50; Street Railway; 1899 - 1903

Box 51; Electronic Railways; 1890/09/01 - 1890/10/04

Box 52; Coal and Coke; 1883 - 1889

Box 52; Coal and Coke: A-L; 1890

Box 53; Coal and Coke: M-Z; 1890

Box 53; Coal and Coke; 1891

Box 54; Coal and Coke; 1892 - 1894

Box 55; Coal and Coke; 1895 - 1896

Box 56; Coal and Coke; 1898

Box 56; Coal and Coke: A-D; 1899

Box 57; Coal and Coke: E-Z; 1899

Box 57; Coal and Coke; 1900 - 1908

Box 58; Coal and Coke; 1881/11/11 - 1906/07/13

Box 59; Coal and Coke; 1890/04/28 - 1908/02/20

Box 59; Oil; 1861/07/17 - 1905/07/27

Box 59; Electronic Railways; 1905/06/28 - 1906/12/15

Box 59; WV Improvements; 1888/03/03 - 190/07/11

Box 60; WV Improvement Company; 1890 - 1891

Box 60; WV Improvement Company: A-B; 1892

Box 61; WV Improvement Company: C-Z; 1892

Box 61; WV Improvement Company; 1893

Box 61; Parkersburg Improvement Company; 1889/05/10 - 1890/04/02

Box 62; Land; 1882 - 1890

Box 63; Land A-M; 1891, 1892

Box 64; Land N-Z, A-H; 1892, 1893 - 1894, 1895 - 1898

Box 65; Land I-Z; 1895 - 1898, 1899

Box 66; Land; 1900 - 1905

Box 67; Real Estate; 1853/09/30 - 1904/01/08

Box 68; Real Estate; 1893/11/27 - 1908/02/29

Box 69; Real Estate--Ore ; 1886 - 1896

Box 70; Standard Oil Company Correspondence ; 1888/05/11 - 1891/07/27

Box 70; Law; 1860/06/17 - 1907/10/30

Box 71; Business and Legal Papers ; ca. 1870 - 1890

Box 72; Business and Legal Papers ; ca. 1870 - 1890

Box 73; Business Papers; 1876/02/12 - 1885/12/19

Box 74; Business Papers; 1868/10/28 - 1890/11/06

Box 75; Business Papers; 1891/01/01 - 1895/12/22

Box 76; Business Papers; 1896/02/22 - 1899/02/22

Box 77; Business Papers; 1891 - 1902

Box 78; Business Papers; 1900 - 1904

Box 79; Business Papers; 1789 - 1899

Box 80; Business Papers; 1859/09/28 - 1904/03/09

Box 81; Business Papers; 1873 - 1880

Box 82; Bills and Receipts; 1888 - 1899

Box 83; Bills and Receipts; 1899 - 1902

Box 84; Bills and Receipts; 1899/11/01 - 1906/11/17

Box 85; Bills and Receipts; 1906/01/01 - 1909/05/23

Box 86; Checks; 1863 - 1900

Box 87; Checks; 1877 - 1900

Box 88; Checks; 1886 - 1904

Box 89; Printed Reports and Bank Books; ca. 1860 - 1900

Box 90; Charters, Printed Forms, Advertisements, Memoranda, Etc.; ca. 1890 - 1900

Box 91; Maps; ca. 1850 - 1900

Box 92; Maps; ca. 1850 - 1900

Box 93; Maps, Printed Material, Memoranda, Etc.; ca. 1870 - 1900

Box 94; F.P. Summers Addendum; 1952/12/24

Box 95; Burned Papers; ca. 1870s

Box 96; Letter Book; 1887/01/07 - 1890/01/11

Box 97; Letter Book; 1889/05/13 - 1890/08/20

Box 98; Letter Book; 1890/05/14 - 1890/10/17

Box 99; Letter Book; 1890/10/17 - 1891/07/02

Box 100; Letter Book; 1891/07/02 - 1892/01/08

Box 101; Letter Book; 1892/01/08 - 1892/07/14

Box 102; Letter Book; 1892/07/14 - 1892/11/30

Box 103; Letter Book; 1892/12/01 - 1893/11/15

Box 104; Letter Book; 1893/12/05 - 1894/03/23

Box 105; Letter Book; 1894/03/24 - 1894/06/08

Box 106; Letter Book; 1894/06/09 - 1894/10/20

Box 107; Letter Book; 1894/10/25 - 1895/01/03

Box 108; Letter Book; 1895/01/03 - 1895/11/14

Box 109; Letter Book; 1895/11/15 - 1897/04/06

Box 110; Letter Book; 1897/04/06 - 1898/07/22

Box 111; Letter Book; 1898/07/22 - 1898/10/22

Box 112; Letter Book; 1898/10/22 - 1898/12/29

Box 113; Letter Book; 1898/12/29 - 1899/08/19

Box 114; Letter Book; 1899/08/19 - 1899/10/31

Box 115; Letter Book; 1899/11/01 - 1900/10/01

Box 116; Letter Book; 1900/10/01 - 1901/07/23

Box 117; Letter Book; 1901/07/27 - 1902/10/11

Box 118; Letter Book; 1902/10/11 - 1903/11/18

Box 119; Letter Book; 1903/11/18 - 1905/05/16

Box 120; Letter Book; 1905/05/07 - 1906/06/13

Box 121; Letter Book; 1906/05 - 1908/08

Box 122; Letter Book -- Private; 1858 - 1861, 1863

Box 123; Letter Book -- Private; 1875/05/18 - 1878/10/07

Box 124; Letter Book -- Private; 1877/05/07 - 1880/11/23

Box 125; Letter Book -- Private; 1880/11/25 - 1884/09/06

Box 126; Letter Book -- Private; 1883/06/07 - 1885/05/02

Box 127; Letter Book -- Private; 1884/09/11 - 1884/12/03

Box 128; Letter Book -- C.C. and O. Company; 1887/05/08 - 1880/02/25

Box 129; Letter Book -- WV Improvement Company; 1890 - 1892

Box 130; Account Books -- Cash Book; 1879 - 1887

Box 131; Account Books -- Stock Account Book -- Gauley Company; 1892 - 1894

Box 132; Account Books -- Coal Account Book; 1895 - 1898

Box 133; Account Books -- Electric Railway Company, Ashland, Kentucky (mostly blank); 1900 - 1901

Box 134; Account Books; 1838 - 1839

Box 135; Account Books; 1826 - 1834

Box 136; Account Books; 1833 - 1838

Box 137; Account Books; 1832 - 1836

Box 138; Account Books; 1836 - 1838

Box 139; Account Books; 1841 - 1847

Box 140; Account Books; 1850 - 1853

Box 141; Minute Book -- Pickens Company; 1893 - 1906

Box 141; Minute Books -- Webster Springs and Railroad; 1894 - 1895

Box 142; Minute Books -- Executive Committee of the Ohio Valley Electric Railway Company; 1900

Box 143; Miscellaneous Books (includes bills, miscellaneous papers, letters); 1890 - 1898

Box 144; Miscellaneous Books; 1893 - 1895

Box 144; Miscellaneous Books -- Land Notes; 1895

Box 144; Miscellaneous Books -- Coal Tariff -- Newspaper Clippings; 1890s

Box 145; Ledger Book -- Store Ledger; 1825 - 1834

Box 146; Unbound Book -- Great Coal Fields of Southwestern Kentucky -- Reports; 1903

Dates

  • 1845-1908

Creator

Language of Materials

English

Conditions Governing Access

No special access restriction applies.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. For more information, please contact the West Virginia and Regional History Center.

Extent

52.6 Linear Feet (Summary: 52 ft. 7 in. (95 document cases, 5 in. each); (48 small flat storage boxes, 3 in. each); (4 large flat storage boxes, 3 in. each))

Overview

Correspondence, maps, business records and other papers of a U.S. Senator, Democratic politician, and promoter of the oil industry, railroads, and coal and timber resources of West Virginia. The papers regard Camden's purchase of land in the 1850s; his activities in oil production and refining, 1860-1875; his presidency of the Camden Consolidated Oil Company and the Baltimore United Oil Company; the affairs of the Stewart Brick Company of Parkersburg; the Virginia debt controversy; and his development of railroads, including the Ohio River Railroad, the West Virginia and Pittsburgh Railroad, and Monongahela River Railroad, 1879-1892. See the "Scope and Content Note" for more information.

Physical Location

West Virginia and Regional History Center / West Virginia University / 1549 University Avenue / P.O. Box 6069 / Morgantown, WV 26506-6069 / Phone: 304-293-3536 / Fax: 304-293-3981 / URL: https://wvrhc.lib.wvu.edu/

Related A&M Collections

7, 339, 1228
Title
Johnson Newlon Camden (1828-1908) Papers, 1845-1908
Author
Staff of the West Virginia & Regional History Center
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the West Virginia and Regional History Center Repository

Contact:
1549 University Ave.
P.O. Box 6069
Morgantown WV 26506-6069 US
304-293-3536