Scope and Contents
Correspondence, legal papers, photographs, and printed materials of John W. Mason (1842-1917). Mason was a circuit court and state Supreme Court judge, member of the Virginia State Debt Commission, and commissioner of Internal Revenue. The general correspondence contains personal and business letters, as well as manuscript speeches, notebooks, and reports. The period while Mason was circuit judge is particularly sparse. Also includes Internal Revenue correspondence consisting of about 8,500 pages in letter press copy books. Roughly half of the collection is devoted to his legal papers and printed materials concerning law in general.
Subjects include early development of the Republican Party in West Virginia; political campaigns in West Virginia from 1870 to 1916; Monongalia Academy; industrial development in West Virginia; Internal Revenue Service (1889-1893); the Virginia Debt question; early banking development in Grafton; and the development of coal companies, particularly around Fairmont.
Correspondents include George W. Atkinson; James G. Blaine; Arthur I. Boreman; A.W. Campbell; W.E. Chandler; William M.O. Dawson; A.G. Dayton; Marmaduke H. Dent; Stephen B. Elkins; D.D. Farnsworth; W.E. Glasscock; Nathan Goff, Jr.; J.M. Hagans; Benjamin Harrison; H.D. Hatfield; J.J. Jacob; J.C. McGrew; William McKinley; J.M. Mason; Francis H. Pierpont; Nathan B. Scott; W.E. Stevenson; G.C. Sturgiss; and A.B. White.
For item level description, see control folder.
Series 1. Personal Papers; 1831-1928, undated; 11 boxes. This series includes general correspondence (letters, manuscript speeches, diaries, and extensively annotated printed materials), newspapers, school records from Mason's early life, photographs, printed material, and papers of Robert C. Mason and John W. Mason, Jr.
Series 2. Internal Revenue Service Papers; 1889-1893; 5 boxes. This series consists of 18 volumes of letter press copy books (roughly 8500 pages). Unbound letters relating to the IRS will be found in Series 1, boxes 1-6, General Correspondence.
Series 3. Business Papers; 1854-1917, undated; 13 boxes. This series includes legal papers, material relating to the Virginia-West Virginia debt controversy, financial papers, minute books of coal companies, and other printed material.
Series 4. Oversize; 1884, 1915; 1 folder. This series includes a certificate of incorporation of the Grafton, Buckhannon, and Charleston Railroad Company (1884); and John W. Mason's certificate of membership to the Virginia State Debt Commission (1915).
Series 1. Personal Papers
Box 1; General Correspondence (includes all letters, manuscript speeches, diaries, and extensively annotated printed materials); 1867-1886
Box 2; General Correspondence (cont.); 1887-1895
Box 3; General Correspondence (cont.); 1896-1898
Box 4; General Correspondence (cont.); 1899-1904
Box 5; General Correspondence (cont.); 1905-1914
Box 6; General Correspondence (cont.; also includes undated and incomplete correspondence); 1915-1917, undated
Box 7; Newspapers (includes references and clippings [1860-1916], The Veil is Rent [1889-1891], scrapbook , and miscellaneous periodicals); 1860-1916
Box 8; Early Life (includes school papers [1854-1866] and Monongalia Academy material [1831-1867]); 1831-1867
Box 9; Miscellaneous (includes photographs, certificates, printed political campaign material, and printed speeches and booklets by various state and national leaders); undated
Box 10; Miscellaneous (includes printed material on political, literary, agricultural, and religious subjects); undated
Box 11; Papers of Robert C. Mason and John W. Mason, Jr.; 1900-1928
Series 2. Internal Revenue Service Papers
Box 1; General Correspondence (includes letter press copy books--for unbound letters relating to the IRS, see Series 1, boxes 1-6, General Correspondence); March 1889 - July 1889
Box 2; General Correspondence (cont.); July 1889 - May 1890
Box 3; General Correspondence (cont.); May 1890 - May 1891
Box 4; General Correspondence (cont.); May 1891 - July 1892
Box 5; General Correspondence (cont. [July 1892 - April 1893]; also includes volumes which show the Internal Revenue organization [1889-1893]); 1889-1893
Series 3. Business Papers
Box 1; Legal Papers (includes papers regarding the Grafton Building Association and the Working Men's B & L Association); 1854-1871
Box 2; Legal Papers; 1872-1875
Box 3; Legal Papers; 1876-1891
Box 4; Legal Papers; 1891-1899
Box 5; Legal Papers; 1900-1916
Box 6; Miscellaneous Legal Papers (includes undated and incomplete legal papers, plats, and blank forms); undated
Box 7; Virginia Debt Papers (includes material relating to the development of West Virginia's case, resolutions, reports, and U.S. Supreme Court briefs); 1913-1916
Box 8; Virginia Debt Papers (includes Reports and Proceedings of the West Virginia Debt Commission, Reports and Opinions by Public and Private Persons and Organizations on the Virginia Debt); 1913-1917
Box 9; Financial Papers (includes receipts, bank statements, and check stubs); 1868-1917
Box 10; Legal Records (includes account books and law dockets); 1867-1907
Box 11; Minute Books (includes Worthington Coal and Coke Company; Hutchinson-Ellen Coal Company; and lists of the contents of Mason's law library); 1893-1901
Box 12; Printed Legal Material (includes briefs and opinions by Mason and others on West Virginia cases); 1872?-1916
Box 13; Miscellaneous Printed Legal Material (includes West Virginia Bar Association material, and opinions and briefs from federal courts); 1865-1917
Box 14; Artifact -- US Prohibition Era Hydrometer (for testing alcohol proof); ca. 1914-1930.
Series 4. Oversize
Oversize Folder; Certificates (includes certificate of incorporation of the Grafton, Buckhannon, and Charleston Railroad Company ; and John W. Mason's certificate of membership to the Virginia State Debt Commission ); 1884, 1915
13 Linear Feet (Summary: 13 ft. (29 document cases, 5 in. each); (1 index card box, 11 in.); (1 oversize folder, 2 items))